Vitebsk province ( Daugavpils) - 02.1945, concentration camp Buchenwald)
surgeon, a founder of anesthesiology, neurosurgery and thorax surgery in
Latvia. Vladimir Mintz came from ancient rabbi stock that originated in the
fifteenth century. He was born into the family of a merchant and was brought up
in the spirit of German culture. In 1883- 1889 Vladimir Mintz studied at Riga
City gymnasium; from 1890 to 1895 he was a student of medicine at the
University of Yurjev (now Tartu). In 1896 Vladimir Mintz was awarded the degree
of PhD. in medicine after defending the thesis "Drehungshindernisse
nach Vorderarmbruechen." In
1896-1897 he worked on probation at the clinic of James Izrael, who was a
prominent German urologist and surgeon. In 1902 Vladimir Mintz was a doctor at
an outpatient clinic at Staro-Yekateriniskaya Hospital in Moscow. In 1903 he
was elected secretary of the Moscow Surgical Society. In 1906 Vladimir Mintz
was an adjunct lecturer (an unestablished university lecturer) and an editor
(together with Professor Sokolov ) of the magazine Vestnik Hirurgii (Surgery Bulletin). From 1904 to 1916 he was
the secretary of the All-Russian Surgical Society. From 1917 to 1920 Vladimir
Mintz was a professor at the University of Moscow, the head of the Department
of Topographical Anatomy and Operative Surgery, the head of the Department of
Surgery at Moscow Central Hospital. He studied issues on mastopathy, conducted
research on pathology and treatment of diseases of the urino-genital system.
Vladimir Mintz worked in the field of oncology and diseases of the ear, nose
and throat, and contributed to development of surgery of bile passages. He was
the first to perform the surgical closing of perforated stomach ulcer in Russia
(in 1908). From August to September 1918 he was in charge of the treatment of
V.I. Lenin after F. Kaplan's attempt upon his life. In April 1920 Vladimir
Mintz returned to Riga. From 1925 to 1940 he was the Head of the Department of
Surgery of the Jewish hospital "Bikur- Holim." In 1938 he was the
first in Latvia to perform reparation of an arterial blood vessel, a forehead
ectonomy, a resection of purulent pericardium, and brain surgery. Beginning
October 22, 1940 Vladimir Mintz was a professor at the University of Latvia,
heading the Department of Hospital Surgery. After the beginning of the Nazi
occupation Vladimir Mintz was struck off the list of the teaching staff
according to the decision of the university council on July 25, 1941. He worked in a hospital for prisoners
of war. Then Vladimir Mintz was imprisoned in the Riga ghetto, escaping from
shooting in Rumbula by a miracle. He set up an outpatient clinic in the ghetto,
performed surgical operations, and gave prisoners medical help and support for
their morale under extremely difficult conditions. Vladimir Mintz was a
prisoner of the concentration camps Kaiserwald (Riga), Stutthof, and
Buchenwald, where he died of starvation and disease in February 1945.
the author of more than 100 publications a full list of which can be found in
the book: Альтшулер
Д. Профессор Минц. Рига, 1970. 70 с.
Outstanding Jewish personalities in Latvia / Text aut. G.
Smirin. Riga, 2003. P. 23.
Минц. Рига, 1970. 70 с.
На краю нигде
Авт.-сост. и лит.
зап. Л. Коваль.
Юрмала, 1993. Ч. 1. С. 108110.
Что с нами
Рига, 2004. С. 3536, 131134.